Legere/Legein: To Gather
Pre-historically, interpersonal vocal communication arose within the original hunters/gatherers to facilitate survival. The vocalizations reflected the nature of the activity to enhance its productivity. Sounds were both pro-active and re-active. The latter were communal sounds to indicate outside threats, a process that extended to the domestication of wolves as an early warning system of approaching danger. Often, vocalization echoed (onomatopoeia) the natural sound, e.g., piss.
As initial words became commonly used, other related words were derived from the original words to reflect new and needed distinctions, e.g., pro-active pronouncements promoted proficient procured product processing. Importantly, considering the existential meltdown of humanity, languages arose from and for the work of survival, not the play of waste.
That nebulous, ubiquitous Indo-European root language did not arise in one spot for dissemination to other branches of mankind. This is like thinking one root group arose from which others learned that for urination men would stand and women would squat. In word and deed, form followed function when civilization was less capable of hidden agendas.
In Western languages derived from Latin, one of the most significant, if not the most significant is the word group for "gathering," Legere/Legein. As humanity walked down history's expanding canyons of new experiences, rootword relatives echoed off the canyon walls. A pivotal step was the development of the gathering society that collected legumes around one's legs which increased survival time for each lifehour of worktime. Sound travels faster than any wolf, lion, or bear with common sounds serving to save the fittest for production and reproduction. The semantic descendants, siblings, and in-laws of legein/legere reflect the gathering of time in the necessities of life. As calculus derives a trend or pattern from an underlying activity so are semantic derivations based on the underlying experience. The math is similar and common.
The following italicized words--appropriate for an essay on words originating
in Italy southeast of Rome--have the common ancestral genetic pair of
legere/legein. The double L/L derives from an older Mediterraneum society,
|Echoing self-similarity in another word group, "When politicians make good policy then the polity in the polis will be polite without police.")|
To paraphrase Mark Twain, I'd rather decline Roman wine than decline a Latin verb. A parallel and/or source of many Latin "leggers" is the Greek log. Some Greek cousins of legere, "log", have been included without clogging the reader with all the "knowledge of" compound words, e.g., audiology, biology, cardiology ... zoology. The log of log words is a family tree of semantic cousins once-removed of "gathering."
Literally reflecting its origin, gathering of necessities is the bedrock economics and politics for survival. A nation that gathers soccerballs, footballs, baseballs, basketballs, golfballs and goofballs, however, does not gather future survival.
One could argue that the basis and continuity of Roman Law throughout European nations was maintained long-after the decline and fall of the Roman Empire by the semantic cement of this one word and its descendents.
In summary, when the elected lecture and legislate good legalities, the locals in the localities will be elite without litigation. Said another way, when politicians make good policies then the polity in the polis will be polite without police. Time-shaping is the number one effect of those with the power to change human behavior: government, business, media, academia and parenting. When a nation is going in the wrong direction, those at the top are losers not leaders, cancers not creators.
|As indicated by the proliferation of
legere/legein semantic descendants, the role of the best gatherers
in becoming elected is paralleled in the development of Greek politics. When
Solon in the Sixth Century Greece, B.C., imposed a new government on Athens,
he established four levels of
rights based on one's annual production of food. If one produced
over 500 bushels, one could be a general because one was considered more
valuable and honorable, that is, more productive. Based on
the basic currency in Japan at the time (the number of bushels--four--to
feed a person for a year), the 500 bushels would feed about 125 people.
At about the same time in Rome, Servius Tullius, its sixth king, instituted a similar system for civic rights and duties based on a census that divided the populace into five levels or classes. Servius also initiated Rome's monetary system based on units of measured agricultural produce. The Roman republic was based on a democracy limited primarily to land-owning farmers, more precisely, the res pubers.
Importantly for this timistic writer, the Greek word for value, honor and price--referenced in a prior paragraph as the levels of economic achievement and political options--described this veritable meritocracy: time, or a timocracy. Incidentally or coincidentally, this parallel reinforces this writer's belief that time is the jigsaw pattern for existence out of which humanity has manufactured many puzzles that differ in the thin surface veneer of vocabulary, culture, greed, and insecurities. Time is the thread in the fabric of life.
For an alphabetic listing of 80 or more derivatives of legere/legein, see Best Government.
|Link Label on this page||Uploaded||Webpage Title of Link file|
|(A) No Incomplete Links:|
|(B) No HTTP:// Links:|
|(C) No Dated Links: Annotated References: HTB|
|(D) No Templates:|
|(E) No Internal Links, Absolute (non-dated):|
|(F) Internal Links, Relative (non-dated and ignore lifehour credit links):|
|>||#1 existential meltdown||071101||Existential Meltdown|
|>||#2 levels of rights||091006||Level Rights: The Rationale of States Rights|
|>||#3 res pubers||120407||Republicans: Rich Pubes|
|>||#4 timocracy||100220||Timocracy: From WikiPedia|
|>||#5 jigsaw pattern||111012||Jigsaw Pattern As Periodic Table: An Analogy|
|>||#6 Best Government||130501||Best Government Governs Least|
|(G) No Current Directory Links|
'Links From' Pages linking to this page: ( )No IndexDir ... Refs General ... !RefsRvu ... !Dir.nts) InfoLinks (05-22-2015@07:28) Linkstat:LinksFrom2Table
|Link In From||Uploaded||Webpage Title of Link In file|
|<||#1 Democracy||080610||Democracy Index|
|<||#2 Duty2Die||120321||Index of Duty To Die|
|<||#3 BestGovernment||130501||Best Government Governs Least|
|<||#4 IntellectualBabel||071111||Glaring Contractions of Intellectual Towers of Babel|
|<||#5 LegalLogicFreedom||100704||Legal versus Logical Freedom|
|<||#6 LogicVsLegalRights||100906||Rights Logic Legal|
|<||#7 MoralityOfMoreTime||071101||Morality of More Time: Timism, The Threads of Time in the Fabric of Existence|
|<||#8 ProfitsAndLevelsOfExistence||131020||Profits and Levels of Existence|
|To Do List||Whole Scheme * Signup * Recruit * ISPs * Help * UPS * TTD? * BDC * Global Dying * MHC * Morality * 24in4 * Retiming|
|Navigate||ABCIndex * Image Bibs * IndexDir * Indexes * Rags * Reference Bibs * RefsMajor RefsYMD * Slideshows *|
|WebLinks||Timism.com * Timism.Net (F L) ... GlobalDying * Letters * Essays * MiniIndx * Writings|
|ManHeaven||Index * IndexDir * D2D * CO2 Sins * Forms * GOOHF * Ltrs * Oath * Index * Summary Tipping Pts * TTD-MH|
|Armadas||FlotillasLinks 6576, flObj, flObj$|
|Are You:||Ill-Employed ... WorkHog ... Rioter ... Moral ... Immigrant ... Habitual Politician ... Medical Staff ... Military ... ManHell Letters|
|Survival||SurfWisely * Timism vs. Habituals * Contract * Credo * Jack and Jill * Hope * What We Need * Leave Me Alone I hate you ... Ttd4U ... Modus Operandi|
|Tables||temp 091226-0724 ntvd error|
Created by Linkstat.bas\Program
05-22-2015 @ 07:32:36